Primary National Curriculum 2014: Geography

‘A high-quality geography education should inspire in children a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching should equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.’

Geography at Hollington

At Hollington Primary Academy, geography is a fun, practical subject which gives time for our children to learn about a range of different places and their localities. We follow a broad and balanced progressive sequence of learning, which makes links to our locality whenever possible. Our geography curriculum will inspires our children's curiosity and fascination about the world and its people, broadening their horizons while developing cultural capital, to prepare them for the future world in which they will live.

As our children progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. At Hollington we want our children to have a wide range of first-hand learning experiences that inspire high aspirations, all children will participate in field work, exploring both local and regional environments, while getting them engaged and excited about geography. Through geography our children learn a broad range of knowledge, skills, attitudes and methods of working. 

Geography in Early Years
In Early Years, at Hollington Primary Academy, children begin to gain a wider experience of the world around them. They will learn through first-hand experiences to explore, observe, problem solve, predict, think critically, make decisions and talk about the creatures, people, plants and objects in their natural environments. Our children learn about seasons, the weather, features in the local area and the buildings that surround them. They may be shown photographs of the local area to help them identify features, for example a library, railway, church or mosque. They will also be encouraged to record their findings, perhaps through drawing, writing, and modelling. The learning and development of Geography is taught through the activities and experiences provided in the Knowledge and Understanding of the World area of learning from the Early Years Foundation Stage framework. These experiences and skills prepare the children for work in year 1 and beyond.

Geography in Key Stage 1
In Key Stage 1, at Hollington Primary Academy, our children will be asked to begin to develop a geographical vocabulary by learning about where they live, as well as one other small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in a contrasting non-European country. They will learn about weather patterns in the United Kingdom and hot and cold areas of the world. They will use a variety of resources to enhance their geographical skills such as; ICT, world maps, atlases and globes, simple compass directions, aerial photographs and plans. Our children will also all have the opportunity to develop simple fieldwork and observational skills to enhance their locational awareness by getting out in to the locality.

Geography in Key Stage 2
In Key Stage 2, at Hollington Primary Academy, our children will continue to build and expand on their previous knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. Our children will be taught to describe and understand key aspects of geography, for example: climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, the water cycle, types of settlement, economic activity and the distribution of natural resources. Their developed use of geographical knowledge, will enhance their locational and place knowledge, which, in turn, will prepare them for their next stage of education.

The impact our of Geography curriculum is that, by the end of Key Stage 2, all of our children will possess secure geographical knowledge. Our children will understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time. They will also be able to collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes. Overall, we want our children  to interpret a range of sources of geographical information to allow them to possess fundamental respect and knowledge of the world they live in, allowing them to 'Think Big' and make informed decisions in the future world in which they will live.